Regional State Governments and Capitals

Afar Regional State: Semeraethiopian map

Amhara Regional State: Bahr Dar

Benishangul Gumuz: Asossa

Gambella Regional State: Gambella

Harar State: Harar

Oromia Regional State: Finfine (Addis Ababa)

Somali Regional State: Jijiga

SNNP Regional State: Hawassa

Tigray Regional State: Makelle

Location and Boundaries

Ethiopia is located in the centre of the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with the Sudan and South Sudan to the west; Eritrea to the north and north-east; Djibouti and Somaliland to the east; Somalia and Kenya to the south.

It covers an area of 1.14 million square Kilometers (944,000 square miles)

The population according to the 2007 Census was 73,918,505. The growth rate is estimated at 3.2% and the current population estimate is now 94 million, of which 46% fall within the 1-14 age range; 51% between 15 and 64; and 3% are over 65. Approximately 17% of the population is estimated to live in urban areas.

Nation and Nationalities

Ethiopia is home to over 80 different peoples and nationalities. According to the 2007 census the larger ones are: Oromo 25.5 million (35%); Amhara 20 million (27%); Somali 4.6 million 6.2%); Tigrean 4.5 million (6.1%) Sidama 3 million (4%); Gurage 1.9 million (2.5%); Welayta 1.7 million (2.3%); Hadiya 1.3 million (1.7%); Afar 1.3 million (1.7%); Gamo 1.1 million (1.5%).